Here, Dr. Ackoff:
- distinguishes between gaining knowledge vs. understanding
- compares and contrasts 3 steps of “synthetic thinking” with “analytical thinking” (analysis)
- states that an “essential property of a system is that it cannot be divided into independent parts”
A key takeaway is that a system is not (equal to) the sum of its parts, but a product of the interactions of the parts.
|1||What are the parts of this?||What is this a part of?|
|2||What is the behavior of each part separately?||What is the behavior of the whole?|
|3||Agrregate understanding of the parts into understanding of the whole||Disaggregate whole by understanding part/whole function|